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If you breastfeed, you may wonder if you are successfully feeding your baby. It answers the questions we propose and knows when to ask for help from the specialist.

When you breastfeed, you cannot measure the exact amount of milk your child ingests in each dose, but you can make sure he is fed properly. Below we explain how to do it. Ask yourself the following questions:

Is your child gaining weight?

Constant weight gain is often the most reliable sign that the baby is feeding properly. Although many babies lose weight once they are born, most gain the weight lost after one or two weeks. In these first months, the doctor or nurses will weigh them at each visit. If you are worried about the baby’s weight, ask the doctor for time.

How often do you breastfeed?

Many newborns breastfeed 8 to 12 times a day (every two to three hours). During the first phases of growth there are periods of greater demand on the part of the baby, it is good that you trust your body’s ability to respond to these demand peaks. The more often you breastfeed your child, the more capacity you will have to produce milk. As your child grows, he will feed more milk but with a shorter period of time.

Does the baby swallow the milk?

If you watch and listen carefully, you may really know when the baby is swallowing the milk, often after several consecutive suctions. If you notice that he swallows in silence, you will notice a small pause in his breathing.

How do you feel the breasts?

If the baby adheres satisfactorily you will feel a soft sensation to the breast instead of a pinch or a bite in the nipple. It is likely that before each shot you notice the full and turgid breasts, while once the breastfeeding is finished you notice them empty and soft. If breastfeeding bothers you, consult the specialist.

Does the frequency of diaper change increase?

The first few days after birth, the number of diapers to change increases for each passing day. By the fifth day of life, on average a baby should be changed at least 6 diapers a day.

Does your child have a healthy appearance?

A baby who seems satisfied after feeding and remains active and alert is an indicator that he drinks enough milk.

Trust your instincts
You know your child better than anyone, if you notice that something is wrong, contact the doctor, especially if:

  • Not gain weight
  • Does not dirty at least 6 diapers a day
  • You do not have bowel movements on a regular basis
  • The urine has a dark yellow or orange color
  • Stools are hard and dry.
  • He is restless after the shots
  • He seems asleep at all hours
  • You have jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes)
  • Does not show interest in breastfeeding

Remember that every baby is unique. At first you may be surprised by your child’s eating pattern, but as he grows and develops normally, you can be sure that you will learn what his nutritional needs are.

Access to the source:

Breast-feeding: How to gauge success. Mayo Clinic [Date of consultation: 01/16/2018]

Stage: First year Breastfeeding 1 to 5 years

 

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newborn

Arriving home with the newborn generates many doubts to the parents. In the hospital there was not much to do because the baby slept almost at all hours, and at most he did a quick wash because of the fact that the cord has not yet fallen, so when seeing you alone with the baby the first ones appear questions.

The most common are those related to care: when they cut their nails, if they have to cut their hair, when to put moisturizer, how often to bathe them, how to do it, etc. With the intention of grouping all the advice on that in a single entry today we offer you the best advice for newborn care.

1. The cure of the umbilical cord
The umbilical cord, when it stops receiving blood supply, is mummified and ends up falling after a few days. How to cure it depends a little on the hospital in which the baby is born, because there are those who recommend using 70ºC alcohol, there are those who say that only soap and water and some say that there is no need to do anything.

All the solutions are correct, because in a review of studies carried out by the WHO in 2004, in which 22 studies were included with 8,959 babies, they saw that it was indifferent how the navel was cured when comparing the use of antiseptic with cord care in dry. So deep down it doesn’t matter how to cure it (as long as povidone iodine is not used). In case it smells bad or suppurates, it is necessary to take it to the pediatrician.

2. The clothes in the first days

Shelter it? Do not shelter it? During the first days it is interesting to have the baby relatively warm, because it comes from the mother’s womb where it was at a high temperature compared to the outside. Do not overdo it, but do not put it exactly as we do, or if it goes the same way, be clear that we are in an environment where it cannot be cold. Once the first days pass, it is often said that you have to dress them with a sleeve more than us.

It is a way of explaining that they would have to go the same as adults, but with a thin cloth more, because they do not regulate the temperature like us and, in addition, they do not have the amount of fat that we do have and that in some way protects us (and I don’t talk about being overweight or anything like that, but that they have very thin skin and we, even thin, not so much).

The ideal in this regard is to touch the neck and back area. This way we will know if they are comfortable or if they are cold or hot.

3. The Bath for newborn

For a long time, babies bathed every day for hygiene as well as for what they were relaxed before going to sleep. The reality is that not everyone relaxes (many have a pipe and get out of the tub more awake than they entered) and bathing them every day may be too much. And it is that the bath dries out the skin, eliminates the natural bacteria that we have and many babies suffer the consequences afterwards, in the form of eczema and skin infections. Come on, it is advisable to bathe the baby every two or three days, and on the days you do not bathe do a diaper change with soap and water.

How to bathe the baby? With the water at adequate temperature (about 36 degrees), in a place where it is not cold and with everything ready for later. Now summer is coming and there is not much problem, but in the cold season it is interesting to dry the baby well, especially in the folds, and then dry it and dress it quickly.

 

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months

Your baby is three months old! Wow, the 3-month mark is a big one for baby milestones, and it’s totally normal to have a lot of questions about what comes next, babyshopclub.com got all the answers.

The newborn fragility is gone, your little one is uncurling and bursting out of those newborn clothes, and sleeping and eating are getting, well, if not easier than at least a little more predictable.

 

Developing senses

They are starting to recognize you and their closest companions, even from a distance. It’s a good time to kick your communication up a notch when eye to eye with your baby, such as during feedings, changings and bath time.

Their color vision is also improving, so adding lots of bright objects to your baby’s day will help grab their attention.

At three months, your baby loves to hear the sound of your voice and can be startled and soothed by the sounds around them. This is also a great age to start sharing your favorite songs, whether that means singing to your baby or dancing together in the living room.

Your baby can smell and taste, which you probably know already if you’ve struggled to switch your baby’s favorite drink or introduce a bottle (which smells nothing like what they’re used to). Still, at three months, your baby’s nutritional needs are fully met by breastmilk or formula, and it’s too early to be experimenting with other foods. If your baby is breastfed, they will be introduced to different tastes as mom eats different foods.

 

Communication of the baby

Your baby should be smiling in response to your smiles and unprompted grins are happening by now too. They are developing their repertoire of facial expressions, which means that they can mimic your expressions and make a few of their own. They are also starting to copy your movements, which opens the door to games like peekaboo. Cognitively, your baby is figuring out social cues and communication, so they will be watching your face closely, following objects with their eyes and starting to recognize people and objects they know.

 

How much a 3-month baby should weight?

Healthy babies can be a range of sizes, but the course of development tends to be fairly predictable. At checkups, a doctor will look at your child’s height, weight, and age to see if your child is growing as expected.

With their feedings becoming more firmly established, three-month-old babies can be nearly double their birth weight, and most will be between 12 and 15 pounds by the end of the third month.

 

Growth spurts

Growth spurts can happen at any time, and they do not necessarily follow a pattern. Some of the ages that your child may experience a growth spurt are at ten days, three weeks, six weeks, three months, and six months. Infants don’t grow at a consistent rate. They have times when they grow slowly and times when they experience more rapid growth. A big surge of growth that occurs in a short period of time is known as a growth spurt.

This tends to happen more often with breastfed babies. Since breast milk is made based on supply and demand, your baby will breastfeed much more often around the time of a growth spurt, signaling your body to make more milk.

 

Can a baby sit at 3 months old?

It will different from baby to baby, but most babies will be able to sit with help between 3 and 5 months old, either by propping themselves up on their hands, or with a little support from Mom, Dad or a seat. … Either way, at the end of 7 months, your baby should be able to sit unsupported.

 

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pregnancy

Emotional stability works in favor of women who pass the barrier of forty. With the passage of time, we acquire the necessary psychological tools to adapt to changes and to overcome many situations, however new and complicated they may be.

The lived experiences gradually make up a baggage that, without a doubt, contributes to developing a serene and conscious motherhood. This is the great advantage that “mature” mothers have.

Having a child from the age of 40 represents a physical impact on the body that must be taken into account, but it can be a positive experience in many other aspects. At babyshopclub.com we are going to give you the best recommendations on how to bring the best stage of your life under control.

 

The body adapts to your state

Precisely this strength that the woman of more than 40 years possesses is a valuable weapon that she can use to face the physical difficulties associated with late motherhood.

It is not that age itself is a problem but it is estimated that there are more pathologies associated with that age (previous or that appear then) that can alter the development of pregnancy.

Therefore, pregnant women over this age are advised to carry out a more rigorous control and to carry out all the tests so as not to put their health or that of their baby at risk.

 

Pregnances to ages every late are now something usual

On the other hand, the consumption of fruits and vegetables rich in folic acid and fish or the decrease in the consumption of excitants such as coffee, will always be beneficial habits for a healthy pregnancy.

It is also good to keep fit by doing some type of exercise such as swimming, walking or dancing, always in a moderate way and under medical supervision.  Ask if you can do yoga or Pilates adapted to pregnancy, they will also help you.

 

The first weeks of pregnancy

Whatever the age of the pregnant woman, in the first trimester it is common for severe physical fatigue and abdominal discomfort to appear, “although they may be more present in older pregnant women,” which will depend not only on age, but also of the previous state of health in which the pregnant woman is.

 

There are typical pregnancy discomforts that do not spend so much on your age but on your physical form

According to the doctors “one of the possible risks associated with late motherhood is the possibility of having a miscarriage.

This point is related to the quality of the eggs and an increased risk of chromosomal abnormalities that increases progressively with age. ”

With good control during this time, risks can be detected and minimized.

You should try to live these months calmly, without obsessing that your age may have certain consequences. In a pregnancy, whenever, there are always risks and living it with fear will not help you.

 

In the second quarter

From the beginning of any pregnancy, women receive basic dietary recommendations from their doctor, along with the need for regular physical exercise.

However, when pregnancy enters a second stage, doctors consider it a priority to “closely control blood pressure, especially in the case of women over 40 years of age”.

On the other hand, in the case of being diagnosed with gestational diabetes (with age there is a greater risk of developing insulin resistance) “the control of diet and exercise should be stricter since decompensations negatively affect other risks of the pregnancy such as impaired fetal growth, premature delivery, or hypertension.

 

10% of women at this age give birth before 40 weeks

As regards physicists, age can be associated with poorer fetal placental vascularity (formation of the blood vessels of the placenta), thus increasing the risk of fetal complications during delivery.

Finally, the possibility of having a premature birth is also more common. So much so that the percentage of women of this age who give birth before 40 weeks is estimated at 10%.

This is so because as there is a greater risk of associated diseases such as diabetes or high blood pressure, there may be a need to bring the baby forward for the safety of both.

 

Care recomended by physicians

– Eat healthy and nutritious foods, including those containing folic acid, such as orange juice, legumes, nuts, cereals and green leafy vegetables.

– Get a healthy amount of weight.

– Do moderate exercise.

– Do not drink alcohol, do not smoke and do not use drugs.

– Do not take any medicine, including natural ones, without first consulting your doctor.

 

Chromosomic disorders of the fetus

With the woman’s age, the risk of giving birth to a baby with chromosomal disorders increases. The most common and best known is Down syndrome, a mixture of mental retardation and physical abnormalities, caused by the presence of an extra chromosome 21. We are normally born with 23 pairs of chromosomes.

To give you an idea, a 25-year-old woman has a probability of 1 in 1250 cases of having a baby with Down syndrome; at age 30, 1 in 1,000; at 35, from 1 in 400; at 40 of 1 in 100, and at 45 of 1 in 30.

 

The delivery of the elderly pregnant

When the older woman is physically well prepared, gynecologists say, she doesn’t have to have problems with dilation or expulsion of the baby at the time of delivery.

For this, it is necessary to take care of yourself during pregnancy, maintaining good physical preparation habits.

Doctors also claim that the older the pregnant woman, the more likely she is to suffer from an associated disease such as gestational diabetes, hypertension or obesity. A cesarean delivery is also more likely.

 

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mistakes

We will talk to you about the 8 most common mistakes we make with our babies, we will explain the cons of each one that will be a fundamental guide so that you do not repeat them and share them with other mothers.

 

Mistake # 1 Letting the baby cry

If the baby cries it is because he is stressed, crying implies that he has adrenaline and cortisol extremely high, and because this cortisol causes neurons to die, knowing this it is really evident that this error is fatal to do so.A clear example to relate this situation is ourselves, when we are very sad it causes us to cry and what we really want is someone’s hug, is to want to be comforted, why do we think that for a baby this will be different?

 

Mistake # 2 Scheduling Baby Breastfeeding

Defining the hours to breastfeed and defining the duration of them is a very common mistake, breastfeeding is the most fundamental stage for its development, the nutritional components of breast milk are the primary source for proper growth of our baby. Breastfeeding should always be as long as the baby asks for it and breastfeeding on one side is until it no longer comes out, until the breast empties, not just giving it 10 or 15 minutes on one side and rear change sides.

It is important to know that when the baby begins to breastfeed, the first thing that comes out is always water and then the nutrients, proteins, vitamins will be obtained, so we cannot change the side soon. You can read our blog about effective breastfeeding.

 

Mistake # 3 Covering the baby too much

This is done by both parents and grandparents, covering them completely, covering their chest, head, hands, feet because we detect that they feel cold when touching their hands or feet is not the right thing, it will always give that their hands and feet will feel colder than the rest of your body. The human body is developed wisely, so that the skin covers the baby’s organs correctly. So to know if the baby feels cold we must touch his chest or his back, according to this, wrap him so as not to make this common mistake.

 

Mistake # 4 Not having them in your arms for long

Many times we have heard that they tell us “do not load the baby so much because it gets used to it”, at this stage of a baby less than a year the most important, most enriching, pleasant and satisfying thing is to give him the affection, affection and love he needs our baby, what a beautiful stage to be able to hug him, then when he is growing you will see that you will not have him in your arms all the time, the more years you are less close you will have him and you will want to return time to be able to hold him .

 

Mistake # 5 Not carrying and following a routine with our baby

As for any type of person of any age, who repeats activities for an extended period of time, becomes a habit, the same happens for our baby, if we have a routine during the day, doing each activity in a certain schedule and sequential scheme, the baby will get used to and learn, it is the correct way to adjust his schedule and not have his “schedules are changed”.

 

Mistake # 6 Feeding the baby before 6 months

In the first 6 months of the baby’s life, the only food he should have is his milk, always breast milk as a priority when conditions are obviously possible for the mother. At this stage it is not correct to give other foods, this should be from 6 months in a progressive way, you can read our article on what foods to give after 6 months.

 

Mistake # 7 Allowing them to use electronic devices

We see it as an error that is seen in more and more cases, in recent generations this is common, thinking and feeling that the electronic device is an aid tool, which is a tool for the development of the baby. Honestly it is somewhat misleading to let the baby use it, for children under the age of 2 we should not expose them to its use for a single moment, from the years its use can be allowed but for very short moments.

It is proven that these devices impede the correct development, block the development of natural language, make their learning limited in dimensions since they do not see the depth of objects and lose the sense of the outside world.

 

Mistake # 8 Carrying the baby in a carrier looking forward

It is not advisable to carry the baby forward that his back faces our chest, not even the most expensive baby carrier or the most recognized brand, it is not ergonomically ideal for that position of the baby, it is not suitable for his legs, head, column even for its development. The best thing is that their chest goes against ours, that both feel that relationship, that affection, that interaction, warmth between mother or father and son.

 

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stroller

When we are already parents of a beautiful baby we want to buy from a stuffed animal to accessories for the crib or cars, with the sole purpose that they have fun and entertain for several hours until they fall asleep.

In the market there are a wide variety of accessories for the crib, car, cars, among others, in addition to those found on the page BabyShopClub that some of us do not know what they will do or will simply be a toy that our baby can manipulate and play with him.

But each accessory that you will know in the next post, will be able to provide you at some point where your baby will have the need to entertain himself, another is to change his diaper either in your car, instead of waiting to enter a bathroom, give him security either in the car, etc.

There is another difficult decision in the life of every parent, choosing the ideal stroller for baby. We feel that pressure for how important this product is, and also for the innumerable number of models available in the market, also now the cars have multiple functions that we do not even know if we are really going to end up using it.

That is why today we are going to teach you how to choose the right car for your baby, showing you the different types of cars separated into categories so that you can choose wisely which one best suits your lifestyle.

 

Some data that you must take into account about strollers
  • Look at the structure, the strollers are made of different materials, however, the most recommended is reinforced aluminum, since they are easier to handle, more durable, lightweight and do not heat up in the sun, which prevents your child burn if it touches any exposed part.
  • Another important point is the wheels, the caster wheels are recommended because they are easier to maneuver, they are better for lowering, climbing, bending and avoiding obstacles.
  • We recommend the reversible handle because it is practical, you can carry it forward or back whenever you want.
  • You should also pay close attention to the upholstery material. Children usually play, eat and dirty it, so it is essential that you choose up holstery that can be removed, is washable and dries easily.
  • You must pay close attention to stability as it is the one that provides security to your little one. If there are baskets to store things, it is best that they are located on the bottom, just above the wheels. This balances the ride and there is no risk of the car tilting.
  • We continue with seat belts, currently it is required that cars be regulated by 3 or 5 point belts.
  • Finally you should look at the seats, it is recommended that they be reclining, so your baby can rest more comfortably.

 

What should I know before buying a stroller?

When looking for a stroller for your baby, keep the following in mind:

  • Your location: If you live in a city or suburban area, you surely need a sturdy stroller to use on the sidewalks. You may also have to close the stroller suddenly to get on the bus or subway. Easy-to-fold strollers that fit in a vehicle trunk are ideal for parents living in suburban areas.
  • Your family: If you have an older child, you might want a double stroller or one that has an accessory for an older child. If you’re using an accessory, be sure to read the manufacturer’s weight guidelines.
  • Your lifestyle: An umbrella stroller could be useful for running errands or traveling. Do you plan to go jogging with your baby? So, you could look for a three-wheeled stroller.
  • Accessories: Do you want the stroller to have a storage basket, a rain cover, a blanket, a sunscreen or a coaster? Some strollers are not compatible with certain accessories.

 

What kind of stroller is safe for a newborn?

If you plan to use a stroller for your baby, make sure it reclines as newborns cannot sit or hold their heads up. Some strollers fully recline or can be used with a bassinet accessory or a baby car seat. However, most umbrella strollers do not provide adequate head and back support for younger babies. Also, most three-wheel strollers are not designed to recline. As a consequence, they are not suitable for babies under 6 months.

 

What should I know about travel systems in strollers?

If you have a car, you can look for a stroller in which the seat for your baby’s car can be placed. Some car seats and strollers come in combo sets, while others require separate accessories that allow the stroller to be used in some car seats. Once you attach your baby to the car seat, these types of strollers will allow you to easily move your baby between the stroller and the car. If you use a travel system that allows you to move the baby car seat from the vehicle to the base of the stroller, you may be tempted by the idea of ​​letting your baby continue in the car seat the nap that started in the car . However, prolonged sitting in a car seat can also contribute to the formation of a flat spot on the back of the baby’s head, in addition to worsening gastroesophageal reflux disease and affecting breathing. Experts suggest that the child should not be allowed to sleep or relax in the car seat for more than two hours.

 

What happens if my baby has special needs?

If your baby was born prematurely or has health problems, you may want to use a stroller with storage space to help you carry the necessary equipment, such as a heart monitor or oxygen. Parents of babies with similar health problems can be a good source of advice. What other characteristics should I take into account? Consider reviewing security measures, including the following: • Practical brakes. Find a stroller that has easy-to-use brakes. Some strollers have brakes that lock two wheels, a special safety measure. Make sure your baby can’t reach the lever that releases the brake.• A broad base. Strollers that have wide bases are less likely to tip over.• A single footrest. If you are looking for a double stroller in parallel, choose one that has a single footrest that extends through both seating areas. Small feet can get caught between the separate footrests.

 

How can I keep my baby safe in their stroller?

To prevent stroller accidents, do the following:

• Stay close. Do not leave your baby in the stroller unsupervised.

  • Be careful with toys. If you hang toys on the front bar of the stroller to entertain your baby, make sure the toys are secure.
  • Fasten the belt. Always fasten your baby’s harness and seat belt when you take him for a ride in the stroller.
  • Use the brakes. Activate the stroller brakes every time you stop it.
  • Store your belongings properly. Do not hang a bag on the handle of the stroller, as the stroller can be turned.
  • Be careful when closing it. Keep your baby away every time you open and close the stroller, as it can tighten the fingers with the hinges. Make sure the stroller is wide open before putting your child in it.
  • Keep it out of the sun. On very hot days, do not leave your baby’s stroller in the sun for long periods. This can cause plastic and metal parts to become hot enough to burn the baby. If you leave the stroller in the sun, check the surface temperature before putting your baby in it.

 

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white noise

A study was done in the 90s, which showed that babies who hear white noise fell asleep before those who did so silently. This was attributed to the possibility that this noise resembled the sounds the baby hears inside the womb. Once this statement has been discarded, it seems that the white noise isolates the baby from other sounds, including those of his own crying, helping him to return to calm and fall asleep.

 

White noise has the peculiarity of being a sound in which all frequencies are at the same volume, without any protruding over the other. This means that when listening to it at a sufficient volume, the rest of the surrounding sounds are canceled out, and the person is left in a kind of situation of sound isolation, hearing only white noise.

When a crying baby hears it, it gradually stops crying, calms down, and in some cases even falls asleep (especially if it cries because it wants to sleep and cannot find a way to finish falling asleep).

White noise is a sound in which all frequencies are at the same volume.

 

This could be a panacea for parents which is why there are videos with white noise, mobile phone apps that play it, and even cribs that automatically rock while emitting this sound. However, another study carried out last year with rats concluded that animals subjected to this sound for two hours a day had a lower neuronal density of the medial geniculate body, that is, of the area of ​​the brain responsible for identifying the sounds and their origin.

Now, why this happens is what is not at all clear. In the first investigations on the matter, about 30 years ago, the similarity between white noise and the sound that a baby can hear in the womb was mentioned; over time it was said that no, that this sound isolation is simply produced and that the baby, in the absence of stimuli, relaxes. And finally it was said that it was the same, but that the baby is actually scared, remains alert, in suspense, and that the same stress causes him to end up falling asleep without being able to bear that tension.

 

Another very effective system to calm the baby’s cry is to make him hear white noise. And this system is not only effective with babies, but also works with adults. There are even companies that sell personalized white noise discs for the customer who requests it.

White noise is a masker of the rest of the sounds, it occupies our entire auditory spectrum, it has no ups and downs and it is constant, making the brain relax, making it easier to fall asleep.

 

The ear never rests, not even when we sleep. When a sound wakes us up it is because there has been an alteration in the environment we are hearing or, when we do not sleep in our house, it may be more difficult for us to fall asleep because we are not used to the sounds of that place. Babies do the same thing, but empowered, since their brain is overexcited with its own cry. For these cases, white noise is ideal, since it has the property of masking the rest of the sounds, which makes the baby calm down and can fall asleep more easily.

 

Is white noise safe for sleeping babies?

White noise is a constant sound that prevents others from invading auditory perception. It camouflages the rest of the noise that surrounds us, so it has become a weapon to combat insomnia in older people in many cases. In fact, many people who can’t sleep use a white noise source to relax when they go to bed at night, because just hearing that murmur helps them fall asleep.

 

Does it affect your hearing development?

Two reductionist statements can be deduced from these two studies and, hence, two opposing positions: White noise calms babies and helps them sleep vs. white noise affects the brain of newborns.

 

If we condition the baby’s sleep to a sound, the little one will ask for it every time he is sleepy. As usual, there is virtue in the middle ground. If we condition the baby’s sleep to a sound, the little one will ask for it every time he is sleepy. Much better for sleep hygiene is to maintain daily routines of play, food and bathing that makes the newborn go little linking one activity with the next over the months. Thus, your body and your brain will understand that after the game comes the bathroom and after the bathroom dinner and after dinner the dream.

For this it is necessary to understand that each baby is different but that everyone has a fragmented dream, not by rocking them or putting white noise on them they will stop crying at night. But you can play music while they are awake, rock them and sing to stimulate their senses.

 

Furthermore, babies have to learn to distinguish day from night and, in addition to light, the sounds of everyday life help them little by little to sleep less during the day and more at night. That is why it is not recommended to lock them in the dark room to sleep for the day, but rather to let them sleep with the murmur of the family talking or the sound of siblings while playing in the background. In this way, the night will be for them the sum of darkness and silence and the periods of sleep will lengthen month after month.

 

So is white noise harmful?

It seems that using white noise to isolate children from all those everyday sounds, such as picking up dishes, cooking, television or family talks, is the same as isolating them from natural stimuli. However, most mothers have been seen in moments of exhaustion in which the baby cries inconsolably for no apparent reason and her own crying makes her enter an infinite loop of grief.

 

Neither the arms, nor the songs, nor the bearing nor the chest seem to help. It is then when the white noise is presented as the last solution getting the baby to relax and fall asleep. There is no scientific evidence that confirms the possible negative effects on the development of the baby if it is used as a last resort when dealing with grief sporadically. As part of babyshopclub.com we recommend using white noise as a last option.

 

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syndrome

Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is the death of a baby younger than one year of age that occurs suddenly and unexpectedly, and which cannot be explained after the postmortem study, which includes a complete autopsy, the investigation of the place of death, and review of the child’s medical history.

Sudden infant death has no symptoms, its causes are unknown, and it occurs unexpectedly, but some measures, such as putting the child to bed on their back, have decreased their incidence.

 

The autopsy is essential to verify that the causes of death are natural and to exclude trauma due to ill-treatment. However, it is not enough to distinguish sudden death from intentional suffocation, so it is necessary to resort to the assessment of the place of death and the complete medical history of the child.

In western countries, sudden infant death syndrome is the most common cause of death in babies between one and twelve months of age, especially between two and four months, and it affects more boys than girls .

 

There are no characteristic findings, nor is any specific finding required at autopsy to diagnose this syndrome, which is established by exclusion, when no reason is found to justify the baby’s death.

However, some frequent features can be observed. In more than 90% of cases, hemorrhages are found that can be more extensive than in neonatal deaths from other causes. Pulmonary edema (puddling of the lungs) may also be seen. Data are usually found indicating previous low-intensity chronic suffocation in most cases, as well as the persistence of brown fat (found in children and disappearing as they grow), or liver erythropoiesis (production of cells blood from the liver, typical of the intrauterine stage) among other structural alterations.

 

Some studies indicate that a small group of patients with sudden death syndrome have low development of the arcuate nucleus, a region of the brain responsible for cardiorespiratory control, and which is also involved in the control of awakening and other functions.

Overall, deceased infants show delayed prenatal and postnatal growth, and molecules have been found that indicate a relatively long period of oxygen starvation in tissues prior to death.

 

Low levels of certain neurotransmitters in the brain, involved in cerebral respiratory control, have also been described, so that their deficit causes disorders in the cardiorespiratory control of affected children.

Some postmortem molecular analyzes have identified genetic mutations associated with cardiac disorders, so some deaths could be related to a fatal arrhythmia.

 

Despite the numerous studies and autopsies carried out on babies who died suddenly and inexplicably, the cause of this syndrome is currently unknown, although specialists estimate that more than a single factor, these deaths are due to a set of various factors.

 

Sleeping position

The relationship between sleeping prone posture (upside down) and the risk of sudden death has been consistently demonstrated. By decreasing the frequency of this posture among the general population, the risk has increased among infants who still use it for sleep. The greatest risk occurs in infants who do not usually sleep prone, but who were placed in this position in the last dream, or who were found to have adopted this position when found.

 

Although sleeping on your side is much safer than sleeping on your stomach, children who sleep in this position have twice the risk of dying as those who sleep on their back, since children placed on their sides can roll and end up on their stomach. Therefore, the current recommendations are to place all infants in a supine position to sleep (on their back), unless the pediatrician contraindicates it.

 

Environment in which the infant sleeps

Soft surfaces such as comforters, pillows, sheepskin, and old or soft mattresses also increase the risk of sudden death. Head and face may be covered by poorly fitted bedding, such as heavy duvets, which also increases the risk; as does overheating, especially elevated room temperature, increased body temperature, sweating, or excess clothing or bedding.

 

Feeding

Breastfeeding has not been shown to protect against sudden death, but this form of feeding is recommended because it boosts the baby’s immune system and protects it against infection, although upper respiratory infections have not been shown to be a factor in risk.

Pacifier use is associated with a slightly lower risk of sudden death, so it could be considered protective. Immunizations are also not a risk factor.

 

Causes of syndrome sudden death

The cause of SIDS is unknown. Today, many doctors and researchers believe that SIDS is caused by many factors, including:

  • Problems with the baby’s ability to wake up (sleep stimulation)
  • Inability of the baby’s body to detect accumulation of carbon dioxide in the blood
  • Rates of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) have dropped significantly since doctors began recommending that babies lie on their side or back to reduce the likelihood of the problem. However, SIDS is still a major cause of death for babies younger than 1 year old. Thousands of babies die from this cause annually in the United States.

 

SIDS is more likely to occur between 2 and 4 months of age and affects boys more than girls. Most SIDS deaths occur in the winter.

 

The following factors may increase the risk of SIDS:

  • Sleeping on your stomach
  • Being in an environment with cigarette smoke while in the womb or after birth
  • Sleep in the same bed with their parents (sleep together)
  • Soft bedding in cribs
  • Multiple births (being twins, triplets, etc.)
  • Premature deliveries
  • Having a brother or sister who suffered from SIDS
  • Mothers who smoke or consume psychoactive substances
  • Being born to a teenage mother
  • Short time intervals between pregnancies
  • Late prenatal care or lack of it
  • Living in poverty

Although studies show that babies with the aforementioned risk factors are more likely to be affected, the impact or importance of each factor is still not well defined or understood.

 

Why is sleeping on your stomach dangerous?

 

SIDS is more likely among babies who lie on their stomachs than among those who lie on their backs. A baby should also not be put to sleep on its side. The baby could roll over easily during sleep and go from lying on its side to lying on its stomach.

Some researchers believe that sleeping on your stomach could cause a blockage of the airways and make breathing difficult. When sleeping on the tummy, the baby is more likely to breathe the air he has just exhaled, especially if he is sleeping on a soft mattress or with padding, stuffed animals or a pillow near his face. As the baby breathes in the air he breathes out again, the body’s oxygen level drops and the carbon dioxide level rises.

 

Babies who die from SIDS may have a problem in the part of the brain that helps control breathing and sleep disruption. If a baby is breathing stale air and is not getting enough oxygen, the brain often sends a signal for the baby to wake up and cry to get more oxygen. If the brain does not emit this signal, oxygen levels will continue to drop.

 

What is “Sleeping on your back”?

In response to evidence that sleeping on the stomach can promote SIDS, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) created the “Sleeping on the Back” campaign, which recommended putting all healthy babies under one year of age to sleep on their backs. .

Babies should be put to sleep on their backs until 12 months of age. Older babies may not lie on their backs all night, but that’s not a problem. Once the baby learns to roll over, from lying on his back to his stomach and vice versa, he can remain in the sleep position of his choice. No need to use positioners or devices that claim to reduce the risk of SIDS.

 

Frequent concerns

Some parents worry about “flat head syndrome” (postural plagiocephaly). In plagiocephaly, babies develop a flat area on the back of the head because they spend too much time lying on their back. Since the “Sleeping on the Back” campaign began, this problem has been more frequent, but can be easily treated by changing the baby’s position in the crib and allowing him to spend more supervised tummy time while awake.

 

Many parents fear that if they put their baby to sleep on his back, he could choke on a spit or vomit. However, only babies with some rare upper airway malformations may need to sleep on their tummy. There is no increased risk of drowning in healthy babies and most babies with gastroesophageal reflux (GER) who sleep on their backs.

Parents should speak to their child’s doctor if they have questions about the best position for their baby to sleep.

 

What is “Safe when sleeping”?

After the AAP’s recommendation, the SMSL rate was greatly reduced. Still, SIDS continues to be the leading cause of death in young babies. The “Safe Sleeping” campaign is a continuation of “Sleeping on the Back” and reminds parents and caregivers to put babies to sleep on their backs and provide them with a safe environment to sleep.

 

Here’s how parents can reduce the risk of SIDS and other sleep-related deaths:

  • Place your baby to sleep on a firm mattress, never on a pillow, water bed, sheepskin, an armchair, a chair, or other soft surface.
  • Cover the mattress with a tight-fitting sheet and no other white clothing. Keep soft objects and loose white clothing away from where the baby sleeps.
  • Do not use padded protectors in cribs. Padded protectors can suffocate or strangle the baby.
  • Share the room without sharing the bed. Experts recommend that babies sleep in the same room as their parents (but on a separate surface, such as a bassinet or crib by the parents’ bed) until one year of age or for at least 6 months, when the risk SMSL is higher.
  • Breastfeed, if possible. The greatest protection is obtained by feeding the baby exclusively breast milk, but any amount of breast milk has been shown to reduce the risk of SIDS.
  • Put your baby to sleep wearing the pacifier for the first year of life. If your child refuses the pacifier, don’t force him to sleep with him. If you drop the pacifier while you are asleep, you do not need to put it back on. If you breastfeed, offer a pacifier only when breastfeeding is firmly established.
  • Make sure your baby is not too warm when sleeping. Dress your baby according to the temperature of the room, without sheltering him more than necessary. Watch for signs of overheating, such as sweating or being very hot to the touch.
  • Do not smoke during pregnancy or after birth. Babies of women who smoked during pregnancy are more at risk for SIDS than those whose moms never smoked; Exposure to secondhand smoke also increases the baby’s risk, and that risk is very high if one parent is a smoker and shares the bed with the baby.
  • Do not use alcohol or drugs during pregnancy or after birth. Parents who drink or use drugs should not share a bed with their baby.
  • Make sure your baby receives all the recommended vaccinations. Studies show that babies who get vaccinated have a 50% lower risk of SIDS.

 

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beach

This summer you finally take your little one to enjoy the beach. So that the holidays are perfect and without any type of problem at babyshopclub.com we will give you the recommendations that you have to take into account, about the dangers to avoid, the basic recommendations for the sun, what food to bring.

Since we are not judges, we choose to provide you with various information so that you can choose when to take your child to see the sea. After all, it is a parent’s decision to think about when is the best time to take their baby to the beach. These decisions are part of parenting.

 

There are many reasons why it is favorable for a baby to visit the beach. The sea breeze will whet your appetite and help you sleep better at night, walking on the sand will promote your circulation and the formation of the plantar arch, bathing in the sea will tone and strengthen your muscles, these are some of the miracles that the beach will work on your baby, without forgetting the main reason that is to visit the sea!

 

Mind you, be patient and hope to get along better after your birthday, when you are less likely to burn, become dehydrated, or suffer a setback. And, of course, all activities related to your baby, the beach and the sea, in moderation.

 

In principle, babies can go to the beach but we must be very careful since they should not be exposed to the sun (something that is often difficult). Before 6 months of life, on the other hand, her skin is very delicate and is not yet ready for sunscreen creams, so we must create protection with a tissue barrier, that is, wear it at all times and under the umbrella.

 

 

Baby’s first bath in the sea

The clothes we choose to dress our baby on the beach must be breathable and colored. For example, a blue or orange shirt protects more against ultraviolet radiation than white. In addition there are certain brands that begin to work with fabrics that offer a protection factor of 50 against UV.

 

The time when we go down to the beach with the little ones is also decisive, we must avoid the hours of maximum risk, the central hours of the day 12-18h. From one year on, we can already apply a suitable protective cream for your skin and go to the shore to wet your little feet in the sea, always wearing a cap and if it can be dressed, the better, and it is necessary to remember that the reflection of water on your skin it can be harmful.

 

Before putting him in the sea for the first time, sit him down on the shore to play, so that he gains confidence and gets wet with the waves. Then grab him by the arms firmly and tuck them a little deeper. Do not transmit fear or insecurity to him, because he will notice it and he will not want to continue with his seafaring adventure.

The first day, a quick soak is enough to refresh you, then you can prolong the baths for 15 to 20 minutes. If the child does not want, do not insist, it can be counterproductive. If, on the contrary, he is one of those who appreciates the dips, separate yourself a little from him, although without letting go.

 

 

Between 8 months and a year of life is when they really begin to enjoy the beach. They are already sitting, having a great time playing on the seashore with the sand. But remember that we must control the radiation that absorbs your skin, protecting it both with cream, with a cap, clothing, an umbrella and the time of exposure, just as we must continue to avoid the central hours of the day.

If we feel like we can bathe him in the sea, remembering that we must rinse his skin with fresh water. If we go to places where the sea water is cold, is to prepare a bathtub or an inflatable pool and fill it with fresh water.

 

Advantages of taking a baby to the beach

If you baby is over 7 months old (you have to take into account that it is not recommended because it cannot be directly sun-kissed), you will find some interesting advantages:

  • Exploration of the world
  • Family Fun
  • Direct contact with nature
  • New experiences
  • Know the sea

 

Disadvantages of taking baby to the beach

The disadvantages may be obvious but we are going to quote some for you to take into account:

  • Possible sunburn
  • If there is a mass of people on the beach, you may feel overwhelmed.
  • Insolation
  • Choking hazard if sand or stone gets into your mouth
  • Recommendations to take your baby to the beach
  • But well, to keep you informed, here are some tips that will be useful if you decide to visit the beach with your little one

 

Tips to go to the beach with our baby without worries

  1. Protect your skin with sun creams from 6 months of life.
  2. Take him dressed, with a cap and sunglasses.
  3. Try not to expose your child to direct sunlight, use an umbrella.
  4. Hydrate him a lot, if you breastfeed offer him more often. If you already take complementary food, take a bottle with water.
  5. Avoid the central hours of the day.
  6. What should I bring? Diapers, wipes, spare clothes, cap, protective cream, water (if you drink), toys, food (if you already eat, it is preferable to bring fruit), an inflatable pool, and a towel.

 

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lanugo

Some babies, when premature, are born covered in lanugo, a hair that can be long and dark. In our Babyshopclub article we explain what its functions are during pregnancy, and how it comes off the body of the newborn.

Lanugo, is the hair that some babies present when they are newborns, and is part of the vernix caseosa, a thin layer also known as sebaceous, which covers the baby’s delicate skin to protect it from the aggressions of some substances with irritating capacity found in the amniotic fluid.

It begins to form at the end of the first trimester and to come off in most children at the end of the pregnancy, around week 40. Many newborns have tufts of that lanugo detached at birth, especially in the folds.

 

Some children at birth have almost no more. This means that the amniotic fluid has given up and has come out of the delivery without us seeing it. Since when it came off it was suspended in the amniotic fluid that surrounds the baby and that it swallows. Do not worry about it. It’s been like this forever.

Others can have a lot even when they are born. The normal thing is that when it is like this, it comes off almost completely in the first weeks of life. But some can keep it for months.

 

Premature babies and Lanugo

The more premature a baby is at birth, the more likely it is to have a gap. In fact, it is one of the signs that can tell us that a baby is younger than we think.

It is not that they have it to be more protected at birth because they are premature. It is simply a process that has not given you time to complete.

 

Baby lanugo care

It does not require any care from the parents. It is washed when bathing normally. And whatever we do ends up coming off when it plays. In many babies in the first days of life. But in some it takes months to disappear.

When he is late, some parents ask me if he is going to stay with him forever. And if they can do something to remove it, because they don’t like the way it looks.

It is true that it can sometimes be very striking and abundant, especially on the forehead, ears and back and shoulders.

 

Hypertrichosis

Hypertrichosis is an exception. They are people who have a genetic alteration that makes them have much more hair covering their body than normal.

It is a hair more abundant and stronger than lanugo that can cover the entire body. We have all seen images of “children or werewolves”.

They are people who suffer from this problem. And it is a problem because it can generate social rejection. Unfortunately it is human nature. We are suspicious of what is different, without realizing that we all really are.

In these cases, laser hair removal can be considered as a solution. It depends a lot on the parents at first. In the future, if we do nothing, it will be the child who decides.

 

When does baby lanugo appear?

Lanugo appears on the fetal head approximately between weeks 13 and 16 of gestation and by week 20 it covers the entire body. It is lost at approximately 40 weeks of gestational age. However, many babies have lanugo at birth on the body, even sometimes quite long and dark lanugo.

Lanugo in premature babies is usually quite common. The more premature a baby is at birth the more lanugo it can have. In fact, it is one of the signs that can indicate to us that a baby is of a lower gestational age than we think. As you will see in the following article you can know the physical aspect of premature babies and among them, you will find a thin layer of hair, the lanugo.

 

The lanugo appears inside the mother’s womb. As we said, it is part of the development of the fetus. It is not that it just appears, it is that the baby can be born with lanugo even covering parts of its body. The most common is the presence of lanugo in the baby’s ears or lanugo in the baby’s forehead.

Some children at birth have almost no more. This means that the amniotic fluid has given up and has come out of the delivery without us seeing it. But being was. It is for example in meconium, the dark poop of the first days of life, since when it came off it was suspended in the amniotic fluid that surrounds the baby and that it swallows.

 

When does baby lanugo go away?

The birth of a baby with lanugo may be an indicator of premature birth. Or some babies may be born with fairly long, dark lanugo. In either case, the lanugo will fall off on its own within a few weeks after delivery and birth.

The lanugo falls off as time passes. According to how the baby matures, this hair will gradually disappear from his body. Babies who are born with a lot of lanugo, it is normal for it to come off almost completely in the first weeks of life. But some can keep it for months.

 

It is common to observe certain bald spots or total baldness during the fall of the lanugo after childbirth, since one of the characteristics of the lanuga in babies is that it is very finite and constant rubbing accelerates its fall. This is resolved quickly, since in a short time babies end up having their head covered in very shiny hair. The quality and quantity of it will depend on genetic factors.

 

 

 

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baby

Many times, due to everyday life problems, we do not know how to react to high stress situations and the serious mistake of shaking a baby is made, even if only once, this can have catastrophic consequences for the child’s health, such as shaken baby, which manifests itself with a set of serious brain injuries.

Shaken Baby Syndrome, also known as “maltreatment trauma to the head,” “shake impact syndrome,” “head injury inflicted,” or “cervical hyperextension syndrome,” is a serious brain injury that results from violent shaking to a baby or toddler.

 

A natural reaction of the baby in his first months is to cry, some more than others, but for the most part they all do. There are peaks of crying, either due to its own evolution according to the Spanish Association of Pediatrics (AEP), the highest peak of crying can occur between two and three months of life, or due to problems such as colds or colic. Be that as it may, the parents’ reaction to the indecipherable crying and uninterruptedly ends with the caregiver’s patience, who, out of his mind, may end up shaking the baby to try to silence him.

This resource to end a baby’s crying is not only ineffective, but can lead to what is known as shaken baby syndrome, which manifests itself with a set of brain injuries, derived from vigorously shaking the little infant. It is a relatively frequent syndrome, since its incidence according to the AEP is estimated at around 20 cases for every 100,000 children under 2 years of age.

 

Shaken Baby Syndrome destroys a child’s brain cells and prevents the brain from receiving enough oxygen, which can lead to irreparable brain damage or death.

Shaken baby syndrome can be prevented. Parents who are at risk of entering a level of unconsciousness and harming a child can receive help. Parents can also teach caregivers about the dangers of shaken baby syndrome.

 

Symptoms of shaken baby syndrome

The signs and symptoms of shaken baby syndrome include the following:

  • Difficulty staying awake
  • Respiratory problems
  • Poor diet
  • Agitation or extreme irritability
  • vomiting
  • Pale or bluish color to the skin
  • Seizures
  • Paralysis
  • Coma

Newborns’ heads account for almost 25% of their weight; it is very large compared to its body. To this aspect we must add two others: due to the weight of its head, the muscles of its neck are not strong enough to hold it well; And his still-developing brain is also more fragile and vulnerable.

You may not see signs of physical injury to the child’s body. Sometimes the face bruises. Injuries that may not be seen immediately include bleeding from the brain and eyes, spinal cord injury, and fractures of the ribs, skull, legs, and other bones. Many children with shaken baby syndrome have signs and symptoms of previous child abuse.

In mild cases of shaken baby syndrome, the child may look normal after being shaken, but may develop health or behavioral problems over time.

Causes

Babies have weak neck muscles and often have difficulty supporting their heavy head. When a baby is violently shaken, its fragile brain moves back and forth inside the skull. This causes bruising, swelling, and bleeding.

Shaken baby syndrome usually occurs when a parent or caregiver shakes a baby or toddler badly out of frustration or anger, often because the child won’t stop crying.

In general, this syndrome does not occur by jumping the child on the knee, by suffering slight falls or by playing roughly.

Prevention

It is very important for first-time parents to have training classes to help them better understand the dangers of violently shaking a child and to provide tips for calming a baby’s cry and managing stress.

When you can’t calm your baby when she cries, you may be tempted to stop the tears anyway, but it’s important that you always treat your child gently. There is no reason to shake a child. If you have trouble controlling your emotions or the stress of parenting, ask for help.

Your child’s doctor may refer you to a counselor or other mental health professional. If there are other people who help you care for your child (be it a caregiver, a brother, or a grandparent), make sure they know the dangers of shaken baby syndrome.

Shaken Baby Syndrome Treatments

Once the shaking episode has taken place there is no treatment that can avoid the sequelae. So far, no system has been found to make brain swelling milder. Therefore, the best form of prevention is a series of measures that put patience first.

When the baby is admitted to a hospital with symptoms of Shaken Baby Syndrome, emergency measures are respiratory support and surgery to stop internal bleeding and bleeding from the brain.

Doctors can study diagnostic images of the child’s brain, using magnetic resonance imaging or computed tomography, to make the definitive diagnosis.

When to see the doctor

Seek help immediately if you suspect that your child may have been injured by being violently shaken. Contact your child’s doctor or take him to the nearest emergency room. Getting immediate medical attention could save your child’s life or prevent serious health problems.

Health care professionals are legally obligated to report to state authorities all suspected cases of child maltreatment.

Patience always the mother of all virtues, as Baby Shop Club, we will always be concerned about the health of our angels and their development.

 

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home

Having the baby at home generates a lot of curiosity for parents regarding safety. At the hospital, the baby was asleep and at most the baby was washed quickly to be able to clean it and see when the umbilical cord fell off, so when seeing them alone with the baby, the first questions appear.  As babyshopclub.com we want to help you answer the most common questions with those related to care: when they cut their nails, if it is advisable to cut their hair, when to put some type of moisturizer, how often they should be bathed, how to do it , etc. In order to unite all the tips on that in one article, today we offer you the best tips for the first days of our baby at home.

 

Umbilical cord cure

The umbilical cord, the conduit through which it was the food source between the mother and the baby before birth, when it stops receiving blood supply, it mummifies and ends up falling after a few days.  How to cure it depends a little on the hospital in which the baby is born, since there are those who recommend using 70ºC alcohol, there are those who say that only soap and water are used, and some say that nothing is necessary.  All the proposed solutions are correct, because in a review of studies carried out by the World Health Organization in 2004, which included 22 studies with 8,959 babies, they found that it was irrelevant how the navel was healed when comparing the use of antiseptic with dry cord care.   In the end the means of healing are correct as long as povidone iodine is not used because it is harmful to the baby. In the event that there are irregularities in odor and suppuration, it is necessary to take it to the pediatrician.

 

Clothes in the early days

Is it important to shelter the baby? Or not shelter it? During the first days it is interesting to have the baby relatively warm, since it comes from the womb where it was at a high temperature compared to the outside. Do not over do it, but do not put it exactly as we do, or if it goes the same, be clear that we are in an environment where it cannot be cold.  Once the first days are over, it is often said that you have to dress them with a sleeve more than us. It is a way of explaining that they should be the same as adults, but with a thinner layer, since they do not regulate the temperature as we do and, in addition, they do not have the amount of fat that we do have and that in some way protects us .  The ideal to be able to measure the temperature in this sense is by touching the neck and back area. That way we will know if they are comfortable or if they are hot or cold.

 

Bathroom

For a long time there was the idea that babies should be bathed in addition to hygiene so that they stay relaxed before going to sleep.  The reality is that not everyone relaxes and many times babies in the bathtub more awake than they entered and bathing them every day can be too much. And it is that the bathroom dries the skin, eliminates the natural bacteria that we have and many babies later suffer the consequences, in the form of eczema and skin infections.  As a tip it is important to bathe the baby, but this should be done every two or three days, and on days that you do not bathe make a diaper change with soap and water.   What temperature to use when bathing the baby? With the water at the right temperature (about 36 degrees), in a place where it is not cold and with everything prepared for later. Now summer is coming and there is not much problem, but in cold weather it is interesting to dry the baby well, especially in the folds, and then dry and dress quickly.

 

The cream after the bath

In the same way that it was customary to bathe the baby every day, or it was done every day, putting cream after the bath also seems to be something to do. The reality is that the first days it is interesting, because in many cases babies “peel”, but after the first days a baby usually does not need creams or oils or prevention of irritation in the buttock. According to the AAP (American Association of Pediatrics) “a baby does not need to be regularly given creams, oils or powders.”  This does not mean at any time that it is bad, but only a practical and economic matter.  If the baby’s skin is fine, nothing needs to be put on. If it is a little dry in some areas, well, you put baby cream (cream better than oil, which hydrates less) in those areas, or if you want throughout the body until there are no dry areas.   As a tip, if you take advantage of the moment to put the cream to massage the baby, I would do it every day, but not for the cream, but for the massage. It is a moment of love for him and those moments are very important to both of us.

 

It is important to consider that everything should be consulted with the pediatrician to have a professional opinion on everything that should be included in the baby’s hygiene, since there are many products that are not recommended since they can irritate the baby’s skin and there are contraindications according to its chemical components.   We hope to be of your valuable help, we are ready for your opinions and for the topics that you would like to cover in new articles.

 

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